Potassium Bicarbonate Supplementation Lowers Bone Turnover and Calcium Excretion in Older Men and Women

Decent sized study, but other endpoints needed before too many conclusions drawn... The acid load accompanying modern diets may have adverse effects on bone and muscle metabolism. Treatment with alkaline salts of potassium can neutralize the acid load, but the optimal amount of alkali is not established. Our objective was to determine the effectiveness of … Continue reading Potassium Bicarbonate Supplementation Lowers Bone Turnover and Calcium Excretion in Older Men and Women

Aging Adults Preserve Muscle Mass with Potassium from Fruits and Veggies

For those interested in preserving muscle mass: Subjects were 384 men and women > or =65 y old who participated in a 3-y trial comparing calcium and vitamin D with placebo. Potassium was measured in 24-h urine collections at baseline. The %LBM, defined as total body nonfat, nonbone tissue weight/weight x 100, was measured by … Continue reading Aging Adults Preserve Muscle Mass with Potassium from Fruits and Veggies

Mortality Rates Associated with Replacing Dietary Carbohydrate with Plant vs Animal Protein

Background We aimed to investigate the association between carbohydrate intake and mortality.Methods ...we assessed whether the substitution of animal or plant sources of fat and protein for carbohydrate affected mortality.Interpretation of results Low carbohydrate dietary patterns favouring animal-derived protein and fat sources, from sources such as lamb, beef, pork, and chicken, were associated with higher … Continue reading Mortality Rates Associated with Replacing Dietary Carbohydrate with Plant vs Animal Protein

Comment on the genetics and microbiome of Irritable Bowel Syndrome

"What is clear is that genetic susceptibility plays an important role in the development of IBD, and large genome-wide association studies using case-control approaches have identified more than 230 risk alleles. Many of these identified risk alleles are located in a variety of genes important in host-microbiome interactions. In spite of these major advances, the … Continue reading Comment on the genetics and microbiome of Irritable Bowel Syndrome

What is a Probiotic CFU?

We previously alluded to what a probiotic is in our post here More here: Probiotics are microorganisms with potential health benefits. They may be used to prevent and treat antibiotic-associated diarrhea and acute infectious diarrhea. They may also be effective in relieving symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome, and in treating atopic dermatitis in children. Species commonly … Continue reading What is a Probiotic CFU?

Antibiotics, Diarrhea and Probiotics

Researchers at the Universities of Chapel Hill and Chicago, respectively, recommend pairing probiotics with antibiotics in an opinion piece here  When you prescribe an antibiotic for a 45-year-old patient with Helicobacter pylori, he worries that the medication will cause diarrhea. Should you recommend that he take probiotics? More than a third of patients taking antibiotics … Continue reading Antibiotics, Diarrhea and Probiotics

Effects of Turmeric on Blood Glucose, Lipids and Total Cholesterol – More Clinical Literature Bytes

Readers recently requested information on the effects of food and supplements on Type 2 diabetes (T2D)*. We recently posted a piece on clinical trial showing the effects of psyllium on T2D (link here). A few other randomized studies point to benefits of Turmeric (molecular family curcuminoids) In a study named Curcuminoids modify lipid profile in … Continue reading Effects of Turmeric on Blood Glucose, Lipids and Total Cholesterol – More Clinical Literature Bytes

Clinical Study: Effects of psyllium on glucose and serum lipid responses in men with type 2 diabetes and hypercholesterolemia

Byte Sized Summary: Consuming 5.1 g of a psyllium husk product (a common fiber powder) twice daily had favorable effects on blood sugar and lipid values in diagnosed Type 2 Diabetic men. (A dated, but nonetheless useful data point.) Updated by request: we added the test articles and some links at the end of the blog entry. … Continue reading Clinical Study: Effects of psyllium on glucose and serum lipid responses in men with type 2 diabetes and hypercholesterolemia

Flavanols, Chocolate and Your Brain

A new review published in the May 2017 edition of Frontiers in Nutrition analyzed the evidence to date that flavanols (found in dark chocolate and cocoa, among other foods) may benefit human brain function. Flavanols are a form of flavonoids, plant-based substances that have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects. Here’s a sample of the findings: Short-term consumption may be helpful. … Continue reading Flavanols, Chocolate and Your Brain